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Want to start living a sustainable life and reuse water at home? Learn how to clean and reuse wastewater at home. Read on!
Most people have a basic understanding of using a water purifier at home but aren’t aware of reusing wastewater once it leaves home. The wastewater produced by your home may not be safe to reuse as it could have a high concentration of heavy metals, chemicals, and pollutants. The key is to treat the wastewater with a wastewater treatment system before it is reused. There are many types of systems to choose from, so it is important to know what works best for your lifestyle.
Treating your own wastewater offers a way to create clean water for your yard and garden—and that’s just the beginning. The water you reuse can be used for laundry, cleaning, and even watering plants, though it’s important to understand that it’s not safe for drinking or cooking.
Table of Contents
How to Treat Wastewater at Home
Greywater is about 40% of the wastewater generated in a household. Reuse of this water can reduce the water we need and water our gardens or flushing toilets. However, one must remember that it cannot be treated and reused enough to make it potable.
If you live in an independent house, then a good way to meet a large part of your water needs would be by giving yourself some wastewater treatment. The first step would be the wastewater odor control from Scicorp International.
For a greywater system that you install anywhere but on your roof, you must still take some care to maintain the system, especially when site-specific factors are considered. This is also the case in an on-roof installation as many long-term savings come from this type of water treatment.
First, figure out if it would be beneficial to adopt the greywater system for the property because of the proximity of water sources. Then, find calcium carbonate and limestone in a size that you can grind into powder to maintain inputs at balanced fertility levels. Obtain natural fertilizer and settle a sand-gravel filter bed on the bottom next to this.
A greywater system comprises four sections: an inspection chamber, a filter, a baffle filter, and a storage tank. Greywater comes from multiple places in the house, like the bath or the washing machine, and enters the inspection chamber. From this point, large solids are removed by floating and taken care of at this stage. The water then continues to meet with another treatment process made up of wells filled with gravel filtration.
Reed beds are tanks filled with gravel, where wetland plants are planted. Water in these containers gets purified in several ways. Plants must take nutrients like soaps into the reed bed with the water and also because they only thrive without feeding in these tanks. The plants weaken pathogens, and when some of these microbes stick to the gravel and because when artificial light or sunlight falls on the topwater mixes with dirt particles.
How to Reuse Wastewater
To minimize water wastage and still conserve our resources, it is crucial to find alternative methods of reuse wastewater like it with the help of making lanes for run-off watering.
Some of the easiest and most practical ways to reuse waste water are:
- agricultural wastewater reuse
- redirecting drain water (grey wastewater systems)
- recycling dirty aquarium water
- collecting shower water
- trapping rainwater
- using coarse filtration
- fine filtrating of water for reuse
- reuse of water from laundry
Agricultural Wastewater Reuse
Normally, man made runoff from landscaped gardens and lawns could also be used as an alternative to natural sources of water like the ground for irrigation purposes. This would include spraying on or watering plants, flowers, and bushes with recycled water to allow it to grow.
Redirect Drain Water
Greywater is the wastewater from non-toilet plumbing such as showers and taps from domestic use. This drain water may hold elements of cleaning products, hair, food, and dirt. The reuse method involves directing the water to a greywater collection system for usage elsewhere in your property or natural environment.
Recycle Aquarium Water
Fish tanks have dirty water which needs to be changed with time. The dirty or used water can be recycled to other places like it could be used for watering potted plants, vegetable nurseries or lawn gardens.
Collect Shower Water
Collecting water from the shower is one of the easiest and simplest ways to reuse water at home. All you have to do is plug the drain and allow the bath to fill up, manually collected using a bucket. Alternatively, one can stand in a container when taking a shower and collect the water. After bath time, using collected water can be used for watering plants outside or flowers on your lawn.
Tapping into natural resources to make use of water is at the forefront of progress towards solving the problem of freshwater seen in most parts of the world. Collecting rainwater after it runs off from a rooftop is one such solution for these issues as well. You can then recycle this rainwater for various uses.
Some people may not be aware of how they can gather natural rainwater and conserve it. Collection of rain will help you stay green, save on your water bill, and even have laundry that doesn’t cost as much. To collect rainwater from roofs, try placing a barrel under the spout.
Reuse Laundry Water
The wastewater from laundry can be used to water plants outdoors instead of pouring it down the sink.
Reuse Water from Washing Vegetables
Boiling vegetables or pasta? You can collect the boiling water in a pot, and then after it has cooled, you can use it to water the garden.
If you have overstayed ice from an ice tray or an ice cooler, place it on the grass of your garden or around your plants to allow the water to melt and be used for watering.
Reuse Drinking Water
Old drinking water is shady, clouded, and has a great probability of being contaminated with bacteria if held until the next day. Play safe while enjoying your drinks to put your effervescent beverages to use by saving them in a wine cellar, refrigerator, or container of milk.
The sink-to-toilet system has an adjustable sink toilet top that connects with the cycle. The system itself filters water and stores it in a reservoir for flushing the toilet. The connection to go between the pipe and valve is redirected for the outlet to be connected to drain into boiling.
Collect Water from Watering Plants
When pots plants are watered, there is often water overflow, and water running out of the pots’ drainage holes will end up going to waste. Instead of this water being wasted, it could be collected by placing plants in deep trays, which would help watering plants such as small plants or gardens in need of moisture.
Build a Rain Garden
When a rain garden is built, it does not require any skills. The gardener can put up the rain gutters that send the rainwater to it. This would be done by punching holes under the water pipes in certain areas to use, like overhead irrigation or letting the water flow through plants and trees from hanging planters to other plants in lower parts of its display. Not much care is needed with this easy method as water is conserved for watering since less is needed.
Washing Your Car
Some people suggest recycling your water used to wash your car. Doing this will conserve materials, such as soap, water, and car wash tools, to save the environment from using new materials. The soap is harmful because it can combine with naturally occurring compounds in the watersheds to form hazardous chemicals. If sufficient detergents are not found in the runoff, algae-growing conditions result, and these compounds can be absorbed by living organisms and accumulate in the food chain.
Coarse Water Filtration
Coarse filtration removes large Graywater particles, including hair, dirt, or food. It is usually installed in line with the house’s water system, using a ridged glove (coarse bag) filter that collects these undesirable pieces from the water that passes through it. The filter can be connected to a hose or rain tank and used for irrigation purposes or exterior cleaning activities such as car washing, window cleaning, or pressure wiping an outdoor picnic table.
Fine Water Filtration
Fine greywater filtration helps filter out any impurities that are still in the water from work. There is a specific filtering device for all fittings, especially before used again, including cooking and drinking. You can reuse filtered water without a problem as long as it has been properly purified beforehand.